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Listed by country/alphabetical order

A -

ARGENTINA (2009-2012)
Leonardo Gasparini, Carlos German Bet, Maria Laura Alzua and Francisco Haimovich Paz
Assessing the impact of Argentina's on educational and labor outcomes See PEP policy brief 88

PEP researchers stir up education policy debates in Argentina

Their findings led them to conclude that this particular policy, which basically entailed the addition of two years of compulsory education, had had virtually no effect on schooling and labor outcomes in the country. In other words, those poor young adults educated under the LFE (i.e. after 1994) derive no benefits in terms of greater integration into the labor market or higher wages today.

Their findings were presented and discussed in various relevant seminars and conference events in Buenos Aires and La Plata, as well as largely disseminated through mass media in the country. As a result, the evidence produced by this PEP-supported impact evaluation has been assimilated, cited and used by several policy makers and civil society representatives involved in ongoing debates around new reform of national education policies in Argentina. 

B -

BRAZIL (2009-2011)
Rafael Perez Ribas, Fabio Soares, Clarissa Gondim Teixeira,
Elydia Silva and Guilherme Hirata
Estimating Participation and Spill-over Effects in Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) Programs
See PEP policy brief 89 and PEP policy brief 90

PEP researchers advise on program implementation in Paraguay

Much of the debate concerning conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs focus on the issues of targeting and conditionalities. Despite the number of initiatives led, mostly in Latin America, to assess the impact of CCT programs, there is little evidence as to the actual effect of the cash allocations per se, or the value added by the conditionality.


Over the past few years, the team has frequently been contacted by and/or met with officials in Paraguay, e.g. from Census Bureau, the Ministries of Finance and Social Assistance, as well as from the Department in charge of implementing the with regard to the (re) design and potential expansion of the program. The researchers, however, lament the high turnover rate of appointed program managers, which has made it quite difficult to provide and see through such advisory work, i.e. as they had to resume the process with each newly appointed team. They eventually decided to focus their communications on more permanent Ministerial components and officials, through whom the influence may not be as direct but more likely to produce long-term effect.

C -

CAMEROON (2006-2008)
Dia Bernadette Kamgnia, Afor Josephine Fosah,
Simon Jules Leunkeu Wangun and Tatsinkou Christophe
Acquired Benefits and Poor Targeting in Public Spending on Health and Education in Cameroon - See PEP policy brief 50

PEP research leads to the improvement of health services to the poor in Cameroon

  The project was conducted in direct consultation with members of the Ministry of Economy, Planning and Territorial Management, the Committee in charge of monitoring the implementation of the National Strategy for Growth and Employment and the National Bureau of Statistics.

Specific results on the acquired benefits of the poor related to the quality of health services were taken up by the Ministry of Public Health in the elaboration of the National Plan for Sanitary Development. The research findings were used, in particular, to help improve the quality of health services, especially those provided in district-level medical centers and hospitals, as well as services provided in rural areas, where it was specifically recommended that increased resources should be devoted to the improvement of hospital hygiene, quality of personnel, equipment and infrastructure.

CAMEROON (2006-2008)
Paul Ningaye, Virginie Takoutio Feudjio, Alexis Tiomela Yemedjeu

Dimensional and Regional Distribution of Multi-Poverty in Cameroon See PEP policy brief 81

Cameroon national statistics adopt new multidimensional approach to poverty based on PEP research

to request his collaboration and advice in the integration of new indicators to monitor/measure poverty in the 2013 ECAM IV (national household consumption) surveys to ensure that national statistics better reflect gender-related and multidimensional aspects of welfare in the future.

CHAD  (2004-2006)
Tabo Symphorien N., Anatole T. Mogota and N. Djindil Syntiche
How does public spending in Chad benefit the various population groups? PEP policy brief 26

PEP support leads a local researcher to advise national development strategies in Chad

In 2004, PEP provided support to researchers in Chad to conduct an incidence analysis on existing national household survey data, to find out how public spending in health and education did and would actually benefit the population, as well as the distribution of such benefits among different groups and regions. 

Thanks to the quality of the ensuing paper, as well as the methodological expertise he had gained through this PEP-supported project, the team leader was first recruited by the International Monetary Fund Office in Chad, in 2008, and then as a long-term consultant in economic studies by AFRISTAT, in Mali, in 2009.


CHINA (2010-2012)
Xinxin Chen, Chunlei Lang, Lijuan Guo, Pingping Gu and

Shaoqing Zhang
The Impact of Tuition Relief Program in Senior High School on Poor Students in Rural China - See PEP policy brief 110

PEP research findings inform policy debate regarding investment in education in rural China

Despite considerable improvements in schooling of rural youth populations over the past decade, the Chinese government is still looking to address the sizable remaining gap between the enrollment rates of rural and urban students, especially at senior high school level. In 2010, a team of Chinese researchers began assessing the early impacts of a tuition relief program for senior high school students, implemented in the relatively poor rural county of Ningshan, in Shaanxi Province. When compared with those of other counties, the results show that the program contributes to significant improvement in both the enrollment and performance of rural students in senior high school.


CHINA  (2010-2012)
Can Liu, Hao Liu, Wenqing Zhu, Qingjiao Rong
Assessing the impact of China's priority forest programs on rural households' income and income mobility See PEP policy brief 109

PEP research findings used to inform Chinese pro-poor environmental strategy


In 2010, PEP granted support to a team of local researchers to lead a research project in which they would use data collected from over 3000 households in 6 different provinces in order to assess the actual impact of these programs on rural household income and income mobility. 

th) Five-Year National Forestry Development Plan.

E -

EGYPT  (2008-2012)
Asmaa Elbadawy, Nadia Zibani and Rania Roushdy
Assessing the Impact of Ishraq Intervention, a Second-Chance Program for Out-of-School Rural Adolescent Girls in Egypt

This experimental impact evaluation project aimed to assess whether the Ishraq program, implemented in Egypt between 2009 and 2012, has been successful in improving the welfare and prospects of rural adolescent girls, by helping them to make better-informed life decisions in regards to education, marriage and livelihood opportunities.

As a result of their evaluation, the researchers found evidence that the program has had particularly large impacts on the following outcomes: literacy skills (including financial), participation in and attitudes towards sports for girls, aspirations in regards to education and work, gender role attitudes, general and reproductive health knowledge, the extent of peer networks and participation in decision-making processes.  However, they also found that the program fell relatively short in informing beneficiaries on issues related to nutrition, female genital mutilation, reproductive health (room for improvement), infant care and attitudes related to harassment and violence. Nonetheless, the researchers strongly recommend the scaling-up of the Ishraq program, at the national level, to help Egyptian girls acquire the literacy and life skills needed to become empowered citizens.


G -


GHANA  (2013-2014)
Edgar F.A. Cooke, Sarah Hague, John Cockburn,
Abdel-Rahmen El Lahga and Luca Tiberti

A UNICEF-commissioned study

Read the full paper

Ghana committed to expand anti-poverty program in response to a PEP report on the effects of fuel subsidies

In early 2013, the Ghanaian Government introduced the removal of fuel subsidies over the first half of the year. Prices of petrol, kerosene, diesel and LPG saw rises of between 15% and 50%, until prices reached their market level in mid-September 2013.  Following the subsidy removal and before the 2013 budget was finalised, <acronym>PEP

On the other hand, in terms of mitigating policy responses, the researchers demonstrated how doubling the national cash transfer program (LEAP) to 150,000 households in 2014 would completely reverse the national increase in poverty and reduce inequality. In response to these findings, the Ghanaian government thus committed to doubling LEAP to 150,000 households, and announced that they plan to eventually triple their commitment. 


I -

INDIA (2005-2006)
Sugata Marjit, Archita Banik, Saibal Kar
Urban Informal Sector and Poverty - Effects of Trade Reform and Capital Mobility in India?
PEP policy brief 31

The National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganized Sector (NCEUS) 

K -

KENYA (2008-2012)
Germano Mwabu, Alice Muthoni Ng'ang'a, Mumia Phyllis Machio and Racheal Nakhumicha Musitia
Improving School Quality in East Africa: Randomized Evaluation of Policies to Create Local Accountability under Free Primary Education in Kenya See
PEP policy brief 106

PEP research findings help prevent awry government strategy

Throughout project execution, the researchers have worked in close collaboration with the Ministry of Education (MOE) and the Kenya National Examination Council (KNEC). The results have been shared directly with senior officials in both agencies, as well as with the Permanent Secretary and the "Vision 2030" Strategic Planning Group, that reports to the President. The latter, in particular, is likely to ensure that the results are used as inputs in the policymaking process, as they give recommendations to the MOE in regards to policy orientations in the education sector.

P -

PERU (2005-2008)
Martin Valdivia,  
Teaching Entrepreneurship: Impact of Business Training for Microfinance Clients and Institutions
See PEP policy brief 67

How PEP research findings have led to the improvement of microfinance institutions' services in Peru and beyond

S -

SENEGAL (2008-2012)
Abdoulaye Diagne, Mouhamadou Moustapha Lo, Fatoumata L. Diallo, Ibrahima Oumarou Sadou
Assessing the impact of a school canteen program in primary schools in rural Senegal

In Senegal, a primary school feeding program is expanded based on a PEP impact assessment


U -

UGANDA (2008-2012)
Madina Guloba, Lawrence Bategeka, Ibrahim Kasirye
Improving School Quality in East Africa: Management and Motivation in Ugandan Primary Schools  See PEP policy brief 98

Results from a PEP impact assessment show how community involvement can improve performance in Ugandan primary schools

randomized control trial

The results show that community involvement is key - and a cost-effective alternative - to improve performance and ensure proper school management in Ugandan primary schools. Such results have immediate implication for education policy in any country with similar contexts, i.e. where accountability is low and implementing test-based incentives may be too expensive.

The study was conducted in close collaboration with the Ministry of Education and Sports, the National Planning Authority, as well as the Board of National Assessment for Progress in Education (NAPE), all first-hand users of its expected outcomes. Consultations at the Ministerial level were mainly done with the Ministry of Education and Sports to ensure their adhesion to the ensuing results and policy recommendations. It also created an entry point for the researchers into the Ministry, whose officials provided inputs for the design of the survey and intervention instruments used throughout the project implementation period.

URUGUAY (2007-2012, 2 consecutive projects)
Veronica Amarante, Mery Ferrando,
Arim Rodrigo
Andrea Vigorito
Family Allowances and Child School Attendance. An ex-ante Evaluation of Alternative Schemes in Uruguay  PEP policy brief 60

School Attendance, Child Labor and Cash Transfers: An Impact Evaluation of PANES - See PEP policy brief 85

PEP researchers in Uruguay assist government in re-designing cash transfer program to help foster human capital accumulation

Made aware of their research work, officials from the Ministry of Social Development (in charge of designing and implementing the new program) called on the PEP team to become members of a special advisory committee that was mandated to assist in the related decision-making process. On the one hand, results from their PEP-supported research work had led the team to conclude that, for several identified reasons, the first cash transfer program had basically failed to achieve its core objectives in terms of human capital accumulation.

On the other hand, they were able to assess the best policy options, in terms of program design and targeting, to ensure the success of the new program. Based on these findings and recommendations, the Uruguayan policymakers avoided repeating past mistakes and the new program was designed according to the scheme identified by the researchers as the most promising in terms of impact on school attendance, labor, poverty and inequality.




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