Workshop on Poverty and Distributive Analysis

Organised by Central Bureau of Statistics, UNDP Namibia and University of Laval

Dates: 14-16 May 2008

Venue: Walvis Bay, Namibia




The Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) has conducted two rounds of the Namibia Household Income and Expenditure Survey (NHIES) in 1993/94 and 2003/04. In collaboration with UNDP and other stakeholders an analysis of the NHIES is ongoing. A national cost-of-basic-needs poverty line has been established to replace the previous food-share poverty line. Work is ongoing to deepen the analysis of poverty and inequality in Namibia by ensuring comparability with the 1993/94 survey, analysing the income and nutrition components of the most recent survey, and more generally by applying a fuller range of analytical techniques. The primary objective of this workshop is to strengthen national capacities for analysis of poverty and inequality in Namibia. A key intermediate outcome is an analysis of the trends of and the proximate factors driving income inequality in Namibia to be included as a case study in UNDP's global project on "Markets, the State and the Dynamics of Inequality."

The main substantive element of the workshop will be hands-on training in the software DAD (Distributive Analysis/Analyse Distributive), which has been developed by researchers from University of Laval: "DAD is designed to facilitate the analysis and the comparisons of social welfare, inequality, poverty and equity across distributions of standard living. Its features include the estimation of a large number of indices and curves that are useful for distributive comparisons as well as the provision of asymptotic standard errors to enable statistical inference." The points of departure for the workshop are the CBS/UNDP poverty report, the finalized NHIES data and the new poverty line for Namibia. Workshop sessions will seek to expand participants' understanding of basic theories, concepts and methodologies, and at the same time emphasise application, practical exercises and simulations using the NHIES data. Each session will include discussions of assumptions, methods and results.

The lead facilitator for the workshop is Professor Jean-Yves Duclos of the University of Laval who is a renowned scholar specialising in poverty and inequality analysis and a principal author of DAD.


10-15 statisticians and economists from the Central Bureau of Statistics and partner organisations (all participants must be available for the full duration of the workshop and bring their own lap top).


Strengthen national capacities to carry out poverty and inequality analysis using data from the NHIES.


Analysis on trends and drivers of inequality in for Namibia case study publication under UNDP global project on "Markets, the State and the Dynamics of Inequality." UNDP will compile a draft of this paper based on the analysis produced during and after the workshop.


Download DAD from The site is extensive and includes manuals, documentation and examples of empirical analysis.  


Sunday 11 May

Arrival of facilitator(s)

Monday 12 May

08:00 - Welcome and introduction; workshop objectives (CBS/UNDP); outline of programme and methodology (Laval); participant self-introduction (All); overview of NHIES 2003/2004 and 1993/1994, survey comparability (CBS); results from the Namibia poverty analysis: poverty line and profile (CBS/UNDP).

14:30-17:00 - Introduction to DAD; working with data files, sampling, basic procedures (Laval).

Evening - Dinner

Tuesday 13 May

08:00 - Recap of previous session; measuring poverty (Poverty gaps, Poverty indices, Decomposing poverty, Poverty and inequality, Poverty curves); simulations and exercises, including statistical inference.

16:00-17:00 - Discussion of results

Wednesday 14 May

08:00 - Recap of previous session; measuring inequality (Lorenz curves, Gini indices, General Entropy measures, Decomposing inequality, Concentration indices and curves, Polarisation); simulations and exercises

16:00-17:00 - Discussion of results

Thursday 15 May

08:00 - Recap of previous session; targeting of poverty programmes (socio-demographic targeting; inequality-neutral targeting; indirect taxation; indirect subsidies; infrastructure and sectoral growth; observability; incentives; self-targeting); simulations and exercises.

16:00-17:00 - Discussion of results

Friday 16 May

08:00 - Recap of  previous session; pro-poor economic growth (comparisons of pro-poor growth; indices of pro-poor growth; pro-poor dominance; pro-poor decompositions; testing for pro-poor changes); discussion; simulations and exercises.

16:00-17:00 - Way forward

Saturday 17 May

Departure of facilitator(s)




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