Community-Based Monitoring System


CBMS aims to design and pilot community-based systems for monitoring poverty in its multidimensional sense

CBMS provides

  • Local-level census of poverty indicators
  • Detailed measurement of many dimensions of poverty
  • Identification of households that are poor in each dimension
  • Systematic source of data

for local & national governments, NGOs, international institutions, etc.

  • to guide use of local budgets and target programs and beneficiaries
  • to lobby for new resources
  • to monitor impacts of crises and policies

CBMS data helps

  • promote evidence-based policymaking
  • program design, targeting & implementation
  • empower local communities to participate in the process

PEP Network has helped implement CBMS in over 15 countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America.

A coordinating body for the CBMS Network



CBMS Network launches CBMS APP! Read here for more details.

Be informed about CBMS by downloading the 2014 FAQs here!

A briefer about the use of CBMS in Disaster Risk Reduction Management, get it here!

DILG-MC on Use of Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Fund for implementation of CBMS. Click here to download!

Use of CBMS for bottom up planning and budgeting (Joint DBM-DILG-DSWD-NAPC Memo Circular). Please follow this link.

DILG issues Memorandum Circular (August 2012) enjoining local chief executives to use CBMS in planning and project development. Click here!

I. The Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) International Network

The Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Network is part of the Partnership for Economic Policy (PEP) Network. Launched in 2002, with support from the International Development Research Centre (IDRC)-Canada and the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), the CBMS International Network generally aims to assist its members develop, refine and institutionalize community-based monitoring systems in developing countries, and to promote CBMS knowledge and initiatives internationally. Furthermore, the Network promotes evidence-based policymaking, program design and implementation while empowering local communities to participate in the process. From 2007-2012, in addition to IDRC, Network activities were likewise supported by the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID)

CBMS Country Projects and Partners

The Network has facilitated the development and implementation of CBMS in about 20 countries covering Bangladesh, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Pakistan, Philippines and Vietnam in Asia; Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya, Haiti, Niger, Nigeria, Tanzania and Zambia in Africa; Argentina, Bolivia and Peru in Latin America. 

CBMS Country Projects

Institutional Partners


Instituto de Economic - Universidad Naciona del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires


Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development


l'Institut National de la Statistique et de l'Analyse Economique


Fundacion ARU

Burkina Faso

University of Ouagadougou, CEDRES


Cambodia Development Research Institute


National Institute of Statistics


Centre for Policy Analysis


Center for International, Economic and Social Studies and Research (CHERIES)


SMERU Research Institute


African Institute for Health and Development


Department of Statistics, Ministry of Planning and Investment 



Department of Agricultural Economic, University of Nigeria


Pakistan Institute of Development Economics


Research Analytics International (Private) Limited



De La Salle University - Angelo King Institute for Economic and Business Studies

South Africa

Center for Rural Development and Poverty Alleviation, University of Venda


Institute of Rural Development Planning (IRDP)


Socio-Economic Development Centre


Zambia Research Development Centre

Moreover, the Network had also supported the dissemination of related CBMS initiatives under other IDRC national projects in Senegal, Nepal, and Sri Lanka.

II. Rationale for CBMS Work

CBMS is one of the tools developed in the early 1990s to provide policymakers and program implementers with a good information base for tracking the impacts of macroeconomic reforms and various policy shocks. It is an organized way of collecting information at the local level for use of local government units, national government agencies, non-government organizations, civil society and development partner agencies for planning, program implementation and monitoring.

CBMS attempts to build and strengthen the capacity of planners and program implementers at the national and local levels for an improved and more transparent system of resource allocation and governance. A major objective of CBMS is to assist in poverty reduction. In so doing, there are other corollary benefits achieved like building the capacities of local government units, increasing gender equity, and eliciting early warning signs of crisis.

Due to the growing number of countries that implement and intend to implement the CBMS, a regional coordinating body tasked to facilitate the development and utilization of the CBMS for policymaking and governance was created. This coordinating body is now known as the CBMS International Network Coordinating Team.

III. Core Programme of the CBMS Network

1.       Research

The CBMS Network provides support to researchers in developing countries in partnership with national and/or local stakeholders to develop, pilot-test, and institutionalize a community-based poverty monitoring system.

Current priority research themes under the Policy Analysis for Growth and Employment (PAGE)-CBMS research program are:

  • Providing Social Protection to the Informal Sector
  • Youth Employment and Entrepreneurship

Earlier CBMS research work has also been initiated by the Network in line with the following:

  • New CBMS methodologies and instruments
  • Composite poverty indicators
  • Multidimensional Poverty Analysis through CBMS
  • Program and Project impact analysis
  • Use of CBMS for Program Targeting
  • CBMS for local governance
  • Gender responsive budgeting
  • Localizing the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
  • Support for local government for environmental management using CBMS
  • Monitoring impacts of shocks (food and fuel crisis, global financial crisis)

Through a competitive CBMS research grants program managed by the PEP-CBMS Network Office based at AKI-DLSU in Manila, the Network provides funding of up to US$ 50,000 to national or local institutions in developing countries for varying phases of CBMS work. Support provided to CBMS research partners extends to their participation in various PEP-organized capacity-building workshops as well as in international policy fora and conferences, dissemination of country project findings in PEP publications and website, and peer-review of on-going research work.

2.       Dissemination and Advocacy

Conferences, workshops and field/study visits
The Network provides support for the dissemination of findings of research partners through the organization of national and international policy conferences, general meetings, and workshops.  These activities are deemed vital in disseminating the findings of the research network to its stakeholders and getting feedback, fostering technical collaboration with current research and development partners, and in establishing linkages with new partners.

CBMS policy conferences focus on the dissemination of research findings with regards to emerging development issues and concerns.  Earlier conference tackled issues and findings relating to localizing the millennium development goals, improving local governance and accountability, and in scaling up poverty reduction initiatives.

Workshops on the other hand involves interactive lectures, discussions and hands-on training exercises on topics relating to multi-dimensional poverty analysis, panel data analysis and poverty mapping utilizing methodologies and instruments developed under the CBMS Network.  These activities are intended to further build capacities of researchers in refining their on-going CBMS work.

PEP through its PEP-CBMS Network Office based in Manila supports the preparation, publication and dissemination of a quarterly newsletter of the CBMS Network. The newsletter features highlights of recent research findings of CBMS country projects, snapshots of completed, on-going and upcoming network activities.  In addition, technical and financial support is provided by the network for the publication of CBMS books, brochures, posters, and poverty maps.

The network also supports the development and maintenance of the PEP-website ( which stores CBMS-related references and updates on the activities of the Network and facilitates sharing of information among network members and to the general public. Work is on-going for the development of the on-line CBMS-poverty database.

Video Documentation
The dissemination of lessons learned, good practices, and findings on the implementation and use of CBMS by research partners and stakeholders are also done through video documentation. To date, videos on the CBMS experiences in the Philippines and in Bangladesh are now accessible to the public on-line through the PEP web-site.

3.       Networking and Technical Collaboration with Government and Non-Government Institutions

Networking is a vital component of the PEP work agenda. Over the years, the PEP-CBMS Network Office has collaborated not only with research and academic institutions but with national and local stakeholders and international development agencies in the conduct of its research activities.  These collaborations have not only ensured that the PEP-CBMS research addresses emerging development concerns and issues but has likewise generated financial contributions and advocacy support for scaling up CBMS initiatives within developing countries where CBMS is being implemented.

Part of its networking activities, is the provision of technical assistance to government and non-government institutions, individual researchers and other interest groups concerned with the development and institutionalization of local monitoring systems for tracking poverty and other related applications of CBMS. Technical support of the Network ranges from the conduct of a series of orientation seminars, lectures and hands-on workshops on CBMS data collection, processing and analysis, poverty mapping and data-base building, post-workshop mentoring/coaching on CBMS related research initiatives and applications until the dissemination of CBMS-related findings and policy recommendations.

IV. Highlights of CBMS Work

CBMS work has complemented the growing demand for local poverty statistics from various stakeholders (e.g. national and local planners, members of the academe and the research community, and development partners) in many developing countries particularly to improve poverty reduction initiatives, and to monitor poverty conditions of various sectors overtime. With the data generated from the local monitoring systems developed and refined under PEP, developing country researchers were able to empirically show the great potential of local level statistics as a vital tool in the design of poverty reduction programs, targeting of its beneficiaries and in program-impact monitoring. The CBMS Network's research initiatives were able to illustrate the importance of the customization of research methodologies in the context of the existing institutional arrangements and emerging issues within developing countries as well as involvement of key stakeholders in the process of the development of the tools to better influence policymaking and program implementation.

V. CBMS videos


Watch "CBMS The Philippine Experience" on YouTube:

Or download it here (MPG).

Winning CBMS Advocacy Videos from the First CBMS-Philippines Special Awards

1st Place - Tabaco City

2nd Place - Province of Batangas

3rd Place - Carmona, Cavite

VI. Useful Links

African Institute for Health and Development

Speech of the Planning Secretary of the Ministry of Planning, Kenya 

The 1st National CBMS Conference held on July 28 - July 1, 2009 at Simba Lodge, Naivasha, Kenya

VII. CBMS Background Papers/Historical References


Lamberte, M. Llanto G., Orbeta, A., and Lapar, L. (1991). Micro Impacts of Macroeconomic Adjustment Policies (MIMAP): Framework and Review of Related Literature. MIMAP Research Paper No. 1. (Also available at the IDRC Website)

Florentino R. and Pedro R. (1992). Monitoring the Micro Impacts of Macroeconomic Adjustment Policies (MIMAP). (Also available at the PIDS Website)

Reyes, C. and Alba, I. (1994). Assessment of Community-Based Systems Monitoring Household Welfare. (Also avaiable at the PIDS Website)

Reyes, C. (1996). Monitoring Systems for Poverty Tracking. MIMAP Research Paper No. 30. (Also available at the IDRC Website)

Reyes, C. and Ilarde, K. (1996). A Community Based Monitoring System for Poverty Tracking. MIMAP Research Paper No. 24. (Also available at the IDRC Website)

Reyes, C. and Ilarde, K. (1996). Are They Meeting Their Minimum Basic Needs? (A Profile of Bgy. Masuso and Bgy. Real de Cacarong. MIMAP Research Paper No. 25. (Also available at the IDRC Website)

Reyes, C. and Ilarde, K. (1998). Indicators for Monitoring Poverty. MIMAP Research Paper No. 37. (Also available at the IDRC Website)

Constantino, W. (1999). A Survey of Poverty Related Researches and Monitoring Systems in the Philippines. MIMAP Research Paper No. 42. (Also available at the IDRC Website)


Mujeri, M. Local Level Poverty Monitoring System in Bangladesh. (Also available at the IDRC Website)

Burkina Faso

MIMAP. Experimental Research Project on Poverty Monitoring System (PMS) Phase II. (Also available at the IDRC Website)


Sharma, S. (2001). Poverty and Development Monitoring System and Decentralized Planning in Nepal. (Also available at the IDRC Website) 


Vu Tuan Anh (1998). Rural Poverty Monitoring Survey in Vietnam. (Also available at the IDRC Website)

Asselin, L.M, and Vu, T.A. A Multidimensional Poverty Monitoring: A Methodology and Implementation in Vietnam. (Also available at the IDRC Website) 


VIII. Contact Information

Further inquiries about the CBMS Network may be forwarded to:


PEP partner institution in Asia

PEP Asia-CBMS International Network Office
Angelo King Institute (AKI) for Economic and Business Studies
De la Salle University
10th Floor Angelo King International Centre
Estrada Corner Arellano Streets, Malate
Manila 1004, Philippines
Tel:  (632) 526-2067  or (632) 230-5100 loc. 2461
Fax : (632)526-2067


PEP Asia Coordinating team - AKI, Philippines (CBMS Network Office)



Dr. Celia M. Reyes
PEP Asia Director and CBMS Network Leader


Anne Bernadette Mandap
Research and Administration Officer



Jasminda Asirot-Quilitis
Senior Research Associate




Joel Bancolita
Research Associate



Marsmath Baris, Jr.
Research Associate



Novee Lor Leyso
Research Analyst



Steffie Joi Calubayan
Research Analyst




Jezha Lee Nabiong
Project Finance Assistant


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