Impact Evaluation of an Innovative Program to Improve Sanitation Practices in Rural Mali

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

A recent approach focuses on behavioural change as a key ingredient for successful adoption of better sanitation practices in rural Africa. Referred to as Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), this approach aims to promote behavioural change at individual-level by empowering local communities whose members aspire to live in a cleaner environment and, thus,  are motivated to take collective action in order to produce 'open defecation-free' villages. Such interventions may even have additional benefits on women's well-being, since it has been documented that women practicing open defecation often visit the sites at night time, being more vulnerable to harassment and assault.

See UNICEF news thread on CLTS programme: 

However, while CLTS and related programs have already been implemented in more than thirty countries, no quality impact evaluation has been conducted so far to assess the actual effect of these interventions on the desired outcomes. 

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has granted the necessary funds to support the initiative. The evaluation will be conducted as a research collaboration of the Center for Distributive, Labor and Social Studies (CEDLAS) of Argentina (Universidad Nacional de La Plata), UNICEF and the PEP Research Network. The project is led by PEP researcher Maria Laura Alzua and PIERI director Habiba Djebbarihere.

See also PEP Schools in Impact Evaluation




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